8. AKSHARA PARA BRAHMA YOOGA
also called: Taraka parabrahma Yooga
kim tad brahma kim adhyaatmam kim karma purushoottama
adhibhuutam ca kim prooktam adhidaivam kim uchyatee
adhiyagna: katham koo atra deehee asmin madhusuudana
prayaan`akaalee ca katham gneeyoo asi niyataatmabhi:
AKSHARA 003s`riibhagavaan uvaacha
aksharam brahma paramam svabhaavoo adhyaatmam uchyatee
bhuutabhaavoodbhavakaroo visarga: karmasamgnita:
adhibhuutam ksharoo bhaava: purushas` ca adhidaivatam
adhiyagnoo aham eevaatra deehee deehabhrutaam vara
amtakaalee ca maam eeva smaran muktvaa kaleevaram
ya: prayaati sa madbhaavam yaati naasti atra sams`aya:
yam yam vaapi smaran bhaavam tyajati amtee kaleevaram
tam tam eevaiti kaumteeya sadaa tadbhaavabhaavita:
tasmaat sarveeshu kaaleeshu maam anusmara yudhya ca
maii arpitamanoobuddhir maam eevaishyasi asams`aya:
abhyaasayoogayukteena cheetasaa naanyagaaminaa
paramam purusham divyam yaati paarthaanuchimtayan
kavim puraan`am anus`aasitaaram; an`oor an`iiyaamsam anusmareed ya:
sarvasya dhaataaram achimtyaruupam; aadityavarn`am tamasa: parastaat
prayaan`akaalee manasaachaleena; bhaktyaa yuktoo yoogabaleena ca iva
bhruvoor madhyee praan`am aavees`ya samyak; sa tam param purusham upaiti divyam
yad aksharam veedavidoo vadamti; vis`amti yad yatayoo viitaraagaa:
yad ichchhamtoo brahmacharyam ca ramti; tat tee padam samgraheen`a pravakshyee
sarvadvaaraan`i samyamya manoo hrudi nirudhya ca
muurdhni aadhaayaatmana: praan`am aasthitoo yoogadhaaran`aam
oom iti eekaaksharam brahma vyaaharan maam anusmaran
ya: prayaati tyajan deeham sa yaati paramaam gatim
ananyacheetaa: satatam yoo maam smarati nityas`a:
tasyaaham sulabha: paartha nityayuktasya yoogina:
maam upeetya punarjanma du:khaalayam as`aas`vatam
naapnuvamti mahaatmaana: samsiddhim paramaam gataa:
aa brahmabhuvanaal lookaa: punaraavartinoo arjuna
maam upeetya tu kaumteeya punarjanma na vidyatee
sahasrayugaparyamtam ahar yad brahman`oo vidu:
raatrim yugasahasraamtaam tee ahooraatravidoo janaa:
avyaktaad vyaktaya: sarvaa: prabhavamti aharaagamee
raatryaagamee praliiyamtee tatraivaavyaktasamgnakee
bhuutagraama: sa eevaayam bhuutvaa bhuutvaa praliiyatee
raatryaagamee avas`a: paartha prabhavati aharaagamee
paras tasmaat tu bhaavoo anyoo avyaktoo avyaktaat sanaatana:
ya: sa sarveeshu bhuuteeshu nas`yatsu na vinas`yati
avyaktoo akshara iti uktas tam aahu: paramaam gatim
yam praapya na nivartamtee tad dhaama paramam mama
purusha: sa para: paartha bhaktyaa labhyas tv ananyayaa
yasyaamta:sthaani bhuutaani yeena sarvam idam tatam
yatra kaalee tv anaavruttim aavruttim ca iva yoogina:
prayaataa yaamti tam kaalam vakshyaami bharatarshabha
agnir jyootir aha: s`ukla: shan`maasaa uttaraayan`am
tatra prayaataa gachchhamti brahma brahmavidoo janaa:
dhuumoo raatris tathaa krushn`a: shan`maasaa dakshin`aayanam
tatra ca andramasam jyootir yoogii praapya nivartatee
s`uklakrushn`ee gatii hi eetee jagata: s`aas`vatee matee
eekayaa yaati anaavruttim anyayaavartatee puna:
naitee srutii paartha jaanan yoogii muhyati kas` ca na
tasmaat sarveeshu kaaleeshu yoogayuktoo bhavaarjuna
veedeeshu yagneeshu tapa:su ca iva; daaneeshu yat pun`yaphalam pradisht`am
atyeeti tat sarvam idam viditvaa; yoogii param sthaanam upaiti ca adyam
This chapter is also known as Taaraka Brahma Yooga. Taaraka Brahma means the Supreme Spirit which helps the creatures to cross the ocean of life and family.
Arjuna asked: ' Oh the Greatest of the Greatest! What is that Supreme Spirit? What is Spirituality? What is Action? What is Supreme and Supernatural? Why it is called the Supreme God? (SS 1).
What is the Super Sacrifice? How it resides in human body? How can people recognise you at the time when this soul departs from this body? (SS 2)
That spirit which has no destruction, is the Supreme Spirit. It is said that living soul is the meta spirit. The cohabitation and coition which is responsible for the creation and existence of the creatures is called the Action. (SS 3).
Action in the previous chapters referred to performance of duty. Here it seems to have taken a mundane daily and family chores)
The meta spirit is the ephemeral idea of self (body). The God is the Supreme Spirit. I am the Supreme Sacrifice. As a Supreme Spirit, I reside in creatures also and perform sacrifices and other Actions. (SS 4).
One who meditates on me and sheds this body attains me. There is no doubt in this. (SS 5).
At the time of death whatever ideas and themes the living soul meditates on, it will be filled with those forms, ideas and themes and attain those forms, ideas and themes. This implies that type of rebirth depends on the thoughts of the soul at the time of death. SS 6).
Hence always meditate on me and fight the war. Dedicate your mind and intelllect to me. You will attain me. There is no doubt in this. (SS 7).
O Son of Prutha! By the Path of Practice of Union and your consciousness focused on me and nothing else, you will attain the Supreme Spirit. (SS 8).
Omniscient, Ancient, Omnipotent, Micronic, Omni-creator, Absolute Unthinkable Infinite, Self luminous like the Sun, Supernatural being -- whoever meditates at the time of death on this Supreme Spirit, will attain the Supreme Spirit. Conditions for meditation: 1. Concentration 2. Strength of Union and harmony 3. Devotion. (SS 9) and (SS 10).
I shall briefly tell about that thing which: 1.. experts in Vedas say indestructible 2. ascetics enter by shedding attachments of love and hate 3. bachelors who follow the path of celibasy 4. is worth of attainment. (SS 11).
Must control all the doors of the senses. Then regulate the mind in the heart. Focus the vision on the spot between the two eye brows. Take refuge in the spiritual acceptance of Union (synchronising the human soul with the Supreme Spirit). Meditating on and chanting the one letter: "Oum' which is the Supreme Spirit. -- Whoever does all these and sheds the body, he reaches the best of the States. (SS 12) (SS 13).
I shall become facile to that UP-UMP (whose soul is in tandem with the Supreme Spirit) who always meditates on me and thinking about nothing else. (SS 14).
Those who attain me will never have to suffer the ephemeral and sorrow house of rebirth. (SS 15).
All the heavens upto the Heaven of Creator (Here Brahma means the God entrusted with the function of Creation, in the hierarchial organiation) are rebirth oriented. But whoever reaches me, he shall have no rebirth. (SS 16).
Thousand ages ( Comment: not years ) make a 'Day' for the Four headed Creator. Another thousand ages will be night for him. Those who know this will be scholars of day and night. (SS 17).
When it dawns for the Creator, all the creatures will be born from "Inexpressible". When the dusk for the Cretor starts, the creatures merge into that form from which they emerged. (SS 18).
The group set of all the creatures take birth again and again as long as it is day for the Creator till it is night for the Creator. With the dawn again, they will remerge following the laws and rules of creation. (SS 19).
Even beyond the 'Inexpressible' said above, there is the "Greater Inexpressible" which Ancient. It does not perish even if all the creatures perish. (SS 20).
The Inexperessible Indestructible philosophical entity is the Supreme Destined State for all the creatures. By attaining it, the creatures will not be reborn and it is my dwelling. (SS 21).
That Supreme Spirit in which all the Creatures dwell, and with which the entire Universe is Spread, can be attained only through devotion. (SS 22).
Arjuna! Now I shall tell about that period and path following which the UP-UMPs attain the rebirth-free deliverance. (SS 23).
Those who know the Supreme Spirit attain him, by shedding the body during the period of "Northern Journey of Sun" reach the Supreme Spirit. This consists of six months, fire, light, day, fortnight of the moonlight. This path is also called the Path of Gods . (SS 24).
The Path of Ancestors is the 'Southern Journey of the Sun". It consists of six months of smoke, night, fortnight of waning moon. In this path there is a Heaven (Comment: lower in the hierarchy). resembling the form of the moon. The Action oriented People attain it, stay there and return to this world again. (SS 25).
The two paths 'white' and 'black' are prevalent for a long time. If a person goes through the white path (Path of Gods described in SS 24) leads to deliverance from births and deaths. The black path (Path of Smoke described in SS 25 above) leads back into rebirth. (SS 26)
A UP-UMP who is aware of both the paths does not get tempted. Hence, O Arjuna, Be always a UP-UMP.
A UP-UMP having become aware of the virtuous results of Vedas, sacrifices, penance, charity, will go beyond all of them. He will attain the foremost and the greatest State. (SS 28).