6. AATMA SAMYAMA YOOGA (SELF CONTROL)
also called: "DHYAANA YOOGA"
AATMA SAMYAM 001 POSC (Path of Self-Control) 1
anaas`rita: karmaphalam kaaryam karma karooti ya:
sa sanyaasii ca yoogii ca na nir agnir na ca akriya:
ASY 2 - POSC 2
yam sanyaasam iti praahur yoogam tam viddhi paamd`ava
na hi asanyasta samkalpoo yoogii bhavati kas` ca na
aarurukshoor muneer yoogam karma kaaran`am uchyatee
yoogaaruud`hasya tasyaiva s`ama: kaaran`am uchyatee
yadaa hi neendriya artheeshu na karmasv anushajjatee
sarva samkalpa sanyaasii yooga aruud`has tadoochyatee
uddhareed aatmanaatmaanam naatmaanam avasaadayeet
aatmaiva hi aatmanoo bandhur aatmaiva ripur aatmana:
bandhur aatmaatmanas tasya yeena atmaivaat manaa jita:
anaatmanas tu s`atrutvee varteetaatmaiva s`atruvat
jitaatmana: pras`aamtasya paramaatmaa samaahita:
s`iitooshn`a sukhadu:kheeshu tathaa maana avamaanayoo:
gnaana vignaana truptaatmaa kuut`asthoo vijiteendriya:
yukta iti uchyatee yoogii samaloosht`aas`makaamchana:
suhrun mitrar yudaasiina madhyastha dveeshya bandhushu
saadhushv api ca paapeeshu samabuddhir vis`ishyatee
yoogii yumjiita satatam aatmaanam rahasi sthita:
eekaakii yatachittaatmaa niraas`iir aparigraha:
s`uchau dees`ee pratisht`haapya sthiram aasanam aatmana:
naatyuchchhritam naatiniicham ca ilaajinakus`oottaram
tatraikaagram mana: krutvaa yata chitt eendriyakriya:
upavis`yaasanee yumjyaad yoogam aatma vis`uddhayee
samam kaayas`iroogriivam dhaarayann achalam sthira:
sampreekshya naasikaagram svam dis`as` ca anavalookayan
pras`aamtaatmaa vigatabhiir brahmachaarivratee sthita:
mana: samyamya machchittoo yukta aasiita matpara:
yumjann eevam sadaatmaanam yoogii niyatamaanasa:
s`aamtim nirvaan`aparamaam matsamsthaam adhigachchhati
naatyas`natas tu yoogoo asti na ca ikaamtam anas`nata:
na ca atisvapnas`iilasya jaagratoo naiva ca arjuna
yuktaahaaravihaarasya yuktacheesht`asya karmasu
yuktasvapnaavaboodhasya yoogoo bhavati du:khahaa
yadaa viniyatam chittam aatmani eevaavatisht`hatee
ni:spruha: sarvakaameebhyoo yukta iti uchyatee tadaa
yathaa diipoo nivaatasthoo neemgatee soopamaa smrutaa
yooginoo yatachittasya yumjatoo yoogam aatmana:
yatrooparamatee chittam niruddham yoogaseevayaa
yatra ca ivaatmanaatmaanam pas`yann aatmani tushyati
sukham aatyamtikam yat tad buddhigraahyam atiindriyam
veetti yatra na ca ivaayam sthitas` ca lati tatvata:
yam labdhvaa ca aparam laabham manyatee naadhikam tata:
yasmin sthitoo na du:kheena gurun`aapi vichaalyatee
tam vidyaad du:khasamyoogaviyoogam yoogasamgnitam
sa nis`chayeena yooktavyoo yoogoo anirvin`n`acheetasaa
samkalpaprabhavaan kaamaams tyaktvaa sarvaan as`eeshata:
manasaiveendriyagraamam viniyamya samamtata:
s`anai: s`anair uparameed buddhyaa dhrutigruhiitayaa
aatmasamstham mana: krutvaa na kim chid api chimtayeet
yatoo yatoo nis`charati manas` ca mchalam asthiram
tatas tatoo niyamyaitad aatmani eeva vas`am nayeet
pras`aamtamanasam hi eenam yooginam sukham uttamam
upaiti s`aamtarajasam brahmabhuutam akalmasham
yumjann eevam sadaatmaanam yoogii vigatakalmasha:
sukheena brahmasamspars`am atyamtam sukham as`nutee
sarvabhuutastham aatmaanam sarvabhuutaani ca atmani
iikshatee yoogayuktaatmaa sarvatra samadars`ana:
yoo maam pas`yati sarvatra sarvam ca maii pas`yati
tasyaaham na pran`as`yaami sa ca mee na pran`as`yati
sarvabhuutasthitam yoo maam bhajati eekatvam aasthita:
sarvathaa vartamaanoo api sa yoogii maii vartatee
aatmaupamyeena sarvatra samam pas`yati yoo arjuna
sukham vaa yadi vaa du:kham sa yoogii paramoo mata:
This chapter is called the Union of Self Control or the Union of Meditation. Better phrase is Path of Self Control (POSC).
Krishna answered here, the question of who is real relinquisher (Sanyaasi ). A person who discharges his duties without expecting results is the real relinquisher and united person- UP. (yogi-whose human soul united with the Supreme Spirit). A person who abandons the sacrificial fire is not a relinquisher. A person who abstains from his duties (body, family, social) is not a uniter. (POSC 1).
What the scholars call 'relinquishment', please know that, is the 'Union'. This is because a person who does not forego desire and the desire motivated action (DMA) is not a UP. (POSC 2).
For an ascetic who wants to mount the Path of Undisturbed Meditation (PUM), the best tool is Result Relinquished Action. If he wants to attain Union with the Supreme Spirit, again RRA is the tool. (POSC 3).
He is called Union-Mounted who is DMAR (Desire Motivated Action Relinquisher). He will not have interest in actions which are instrumental in attain sensual objects. (POSC 4).
A person should rescue his soul by himself. He should not allow it to collapse. For him, his own soul is the relative. Own soul is the enemy. (POSC 5).
Comment: The poet stresses the importance of soul in the resurrection of humans. In this verse and the following verse, the poet uses the word soul to mean mind, intellect, inner person and the soul.
A person who captures and conquers one's own mind will have his mind and intellect as his relative. A person who is not a conquerer of senses, his own mind works like a fore. (POSC 6).
The soul of a conquerer-of-soul (COSoul), person of steady wisdom, UP (United person whose soul is in tanded with the Supreme Spirit) shall be equanimous and enduring to the whims of heat and cold, honor and dishonor. (POSC 7).
A UP, UMP (Union Mounted Person travelling in the direction of the Union) will have an intellect satiated with knowledge and awareness. He is unemotional. He is conquerer of senses (COsenses). (POSC 8).
UP-UMP will be equanimous to everybody: warm hearted persons and well wishers, friends, foes, indifferent persons, neutrals, haters, relatives, monks, sinners. (POSC 9).
UP-UMP will always keep his soul united with the Spirit. He maintains solitude. He does not come out open. He has a regulated intellect and soul. He is uninterested and detached. He does not receive or expect things from others. (POSC 10).
Comment: Now follows a description of the place and posture for meditation.
He should sit at a clean place. The seat is to be stable. Not to be too high nor too low. Covered with a deer skin and 'kusa' grass. (P:OS 11).
Then he should concentrate his mind and redirect the organs and senses to meditation aimed at cleansing the mind. (POSC 12).
His body, head, and neck should be at an equal vertical plane.and stable. He should not look at sides and concentrate his gaze on the tip of his nose. (POSC 13).
He should keep his mind peaceful, free from fear and anxiety, maintain celibasy, restrain his mind and settle it on me and filled with thought of mine. (POSC 14).
The UP-UMP who always keeps his mind on the Path of Meditation (POM) with a regulated mind will attain the ultimate peace and bliss. (POSC 15).
An excess VORACIOUS EATER cannot become an UP-UMP. An anorex is also not entitled to. Neither an excess sleeper nor an insomniac can be a UP-UMP. (POSC 16).
A person with regulated food, movement, moderation in actions, moderate sleep and wakefulness can get UP-UMP. (POSC 17).
The person whose well regulated mind is settled in his soul, who has no consciousness of luxuries and comforts, can be called a UP-UMP. (POSC 18).
The mind of a UP-UMP is compared to a lamp well protected with glass shields from all sides and is unmoved by wind. (POSC 19).
A person in a state of mind in coition with the Union, seeing his own soul and satisfies itself, (POSC 20)
A person in which State of mind realises the supreme joys of Union which can be realised only outside the pale of senses, in which State of mind remains unmoved from the soul, (POSC 21)
by attaining which, he does not long for any other greater benefit or profit, by attaining which is not moved by the most unbearable sorrow, (POSC 22)
-- know that State of Mind to be the Union free of Joy and Sorrow. That Union is to be practised with a mind filled with courage and perseverance. (POSC 23).
A person should by abandoning all luxuries from Desire Driven Actions completely and withdrawing the senses from all sensual objects, using courageous intellect settling the mind in the soul, must not think of anything else. He must become detached. (POSC 24, POSC 25).
As and when the mind deviates and runs towards sensual pleasures, then and there it should be controlled and kept under leash. (POSC 26).
The supreme bliss resides in a UP-UMP who is free from anger and whose mind is stable and peaceful, who is free from sinner, who is full of spirituality, (POSC 27).
The UP-UMP who always keeps his soul in harmony, will be free of sin and will comfortably get united with the Supreme Spirit and becomes a "delivered person while alive". (POSC 28).
A UP-UMP, sees his own soul in all the living creatures and the souls of all creatures in his own self. This is in essense the Supreme Spirit. He becomes a person of equanimous vision. (POSC 29).
I shall not be invisible to a person who sees me in every creature, and sees all the creatures in me. Nor, he will be invisible to me. (POSC 30).
A person who recognises me in all the creatures and serve me with a unified mind, he will be existing in me at all times and in all states. (POSC 31).
A person who treats the joys and sorrows of all the creatures as his own, he is a great UP-UMP. (POSC 32).
ASY 033arjuna uvaacha
yoo ayam yoogas tvayaa prookta: saamyeena madhusuudana
eetasyaaham na pas`yaami ca mchalatvaat sthitim sthiraam
ca mchalam hi mana: krushn`a pramaathi balavad drud`ham
tasyaaham nigraham manyee vaayoor iva sudushkaram
ASY 035s`riibhagavaan uvaacha
asams`ayam mahaa baahoo manoo durnigraham ca lam
abhyaaseena tu kaumteeya vairaagyeen`a ca gruhyatee
asamyataatmanaa yoogoo dushpraapa iti mee mati:
vas`yaatmanaa tu yatataa s`akyoo avaaptum upaayata:
Arjuna said: 'You have spoken about the equanimity of a UP-UMP. As mind is fickle, I am unable identify its state of its equilibrium. (POSC 33). Krishna! Mind naturally is fickle, dangerous and difficult to overcome. Hence I condier that It will be extremely hard to control and resist it just as it is difficult to resist the wind. (POSC 34).
Krishna said: Kaumteeyaa! Oh man of strong arms! It is difficult to resist the mind, no doubt. But by practice and renunciation, it can be controlled. (POSC 35).
It is difficult for a person whose mind is not controlled, to attain Union. This is my mind (opinion). But a person with a controlled mind, using effort and method can attain the Union. (POSC 36).
ASY 037arjuna uvaacha
ayati: s`raddhayoopeetoo yoogaach ca litamaanasa:
apraapya yoogasamsiddhim kaam gatim krushn`a gachchhati
kachchin noobhayavibhrasht`as` chhinnaabhram iva nas`yati
apratisht`hoo mahaa baahoo vimuud`hoo brahman`a: pathi
eetan mee sams`ayam krushn`a chheettum arhasi as`eeshata:
tvad anya: sams`ayasyaasya chheettaa na hi upapadyatee
Arjuna said: A sincere person, who fails to control deviations of his mind from the Union, what State will he get in course of time, in lieu of the Union? (POSC 37).
(Addressing Krishna, as a person of Great arms) Does not a person who gets lost from the path of Union of Result Relinquished Action (RRA) and the Path of the Union with the Supreme Spirit, lose the shelter of ascetic practices? Won't he become like a cloud dispersed by wind? (POSC 38).
Krishna! Only you dispel this doubt of mine! No other person can clear this doubt. (POSC 39).
ASY 040s`riibhagavaan uvaacha
paartha naiveeha naamutra vinaas`as tasya vidyatee
na hi kalyaan`akrut kas` chid durgatim taata gachchhati
praapya pun`yakrutaa&l lookaan ushitvaa s`aas`vatii: samaa:
s`uchiinaam s`riimataam geehee yoogabhrasht`oo abhijaayatee
atha vaa yooginaam eeva kulee bhavati dhiimataam
eetad dhi durlabhataram lookee janma yad iidrus`am
tatra tam buddhisamyoogam labhatee paurvadeehikam
yatatee ca tatoo bhuuya: samsiddhau kurunandana
puurvaabhyaaseena teenaiva hriyatee hi avas`oo api sa:
jignaasur api yoogasya s`abdabrahmaativartatee
prayatnaad yatamaanas tu yoogii sams`uddha kilbisha:
aneeka janma samsiddhas tatoo yaati paraam gatim
tapasvibhyoo adhikoo yoogii gnaanibhyoo api matoo adhika:
karmibhyas` ca adhikoo yoogii tasmaad yoogii bhava arjuna
yooginaam api sarveeshaam madgateena amtaraatmanaa
s`raddhaavaan bhajatee yoo maam sa mee yuktatamoo mata:
Krishna said: Paartha! 'Anybody who gets displaced from the Path of Union, will not get condemned in this world or the Heaven. Anybody who undertakes a path which is auspicious, will never suffers a bad patch. (POSC 40).
Comment: Here is a promise of good heavens and rebirth as rich man
A person who fails in UP-UMP will get appropriate heavens which virtuous persons get entitled to and live there for a long time. Thereafter, they will be born in clean, reputed and rich families. (POSC 41).
Otherwise, he will be born in a clan of philosophers and UP-UMPs. That type of birth is difficult on Earth. (POSC 42).
Oh Son of Kuru clan! When he gets such rebirths (clean, reputed, rich families, families of philosophers etc.), he will also inherit his original devotion and path of Intellect from the previous birth. He will revive and continue his efforts to attain the Union. (POSC 43).
In the new birth, though he may not have deliberate wish to take the Path of Union, the effect of the practice of the previous birth will influence him and make him to try. Though he is interested in the path of Union, he will violate the 'spirit of the Sound'. (POSC 44).
The reborn, who tries harder than what he did in his previous births, will get his sins cleansed and by the benefit of the Practices of Union made by him in a number of his previous births. (POSC 45).
A UP-UMP is greater than and superior to ascetics who do penance, scholars and knowledgeable persons, and doers of Rituals. This is my view. Hence O Arjuna, you also become a UP-UMP. (POSC 46).
Among the UP-UMPs the one who concentrates on me completely and serves me is the best and greatest. This is my view. (POSC 47).