10. VIBHUUTI YOOGA
ATTRIBUTES OF KRISHNA
bhuuya eeva mahaa baahoo s`run`u mee paramam vacha:
yat tee aham priiyamaan`aaya vakshyaami hitakaamyayaa
na mee vidu: suragan`aa: prabhavam na maharshaya:
aham aadir hi deevaanaam maharshiin`aam ca sarvas`a:
yoo maam ajam anaadim ca veetti lookamahees`varam
asammuud`ha: sa martyeeshu sarvapaapai: pramuchyatee
buddhir gnaanam asammooha: kshamaa satyam dama: s`ama:
sukham du:kham bhavoo abhaavoo bhayam ca abhayam eeva ca
ahimsaa samataa tusht`is tapoo daanam yas`oo ayas`a:
bhavamti bhaavaa bhuutaanaam matta eeva pruthagvidhaa:
maharshaya: sapta puurvee ca tvaaroo manavas tathaa
madbhaavaa maanasaa jaataa yeeshaam looka imaa: prajaa:
eetaam vibhuutim yoogam ca mama yoo veetti tatvata:
soo avikampeena yoogeena yujyatee naatra sams`aya:
aham sarvasya prabhavoo matta: sarvam pravartatee
iti matvaa bhajamtee maam budhaa bhaavasamanvitaa:
machchittaa madgatapraan`aa boodhayamta: parasparam
kathayamtas` ca maam nityam tushyamti ca ramamti ca
teeshaam satatayuktaanaam bhajataam priitipuurvakam
dadaami buddhiyoogam tam yeena maam upayaamti tee
teeshaam eevaanukampaartham aham agnaanajam tama:
naas`ayaami aatmabhaavasthoo gnaanadiipeena bhaasvataa
Krishna said: 'Pl. listen to me again. You are very dear to me. Wishing you well, I shall continue.' (VIBH 1)
Gods and sages do not know my origin. This is because, I am their cause. (VIBH 2)
He who knows that I have no origin or birth, and that I am the Supreme God of this Universe, will be free of temptation on this earth. He will be free from all sins. (VIBH 3)
Creatures inherit their ideas and qualities from me: 1. intellect 2. knowledge 3. freedom from temptation 4. forbearance 5. truth 6. control of senses. 7. control of internal emotions. 8. joy. 9. sorrow. 10. birth 11. death. 12. fear. 13. fearlessness 14. non-violence. 15. equanimity. 16. contentment. 17. penance. 18. charity. 19. fame. 20. ill-fame. (VIBH 4)
The seven great sages, the four ancient sages (Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanaatana, Sanatkumar), were born from my mind. Entire population is born from them. (VIBH 5).
The person who knows well this attribute of mine (as Cause for the whole Universe and being the Super God ) will have stable philosophical union with me. This is beyond doubt. (VIBH 6).
I am the Supreme Cause of everything in the creation. Everything is born from me. Scholars, knowing this, worship me thoughtfully. (VIBH 7)
Those who have dedicated their hearts and lives to me enjoy bliss and contentment, while preaching one another and narrating to one another my stories. (VIBH 9).
I bless those who serve me devotedly and lovingly, with "a mental State of Intellect". By it, he can get to me. (VIBH 10).
I with a view to bless those who are in daily Union with me and who serve me with devotion and love, I live in them. With the lamp of knowledge, I dispel the darkness of ignorance in them. (ATTRIB 11).
VIBHUUTI 012arjuna uvaacha
param brahma param dhaama pavitram paramam bhavaan
purusham s`aas`vatam divyam aadideevam ajam vibhum
aahus tvaam rushaya: sarvee deevarshir naaradas tathaa
asitoo deevaloo vyaasa: svayam ca iva braviishi mee
sarvam eetad rutam manyee yan maam vadasi kees`ava
na hi tee bhagavan vyaktim vidur deevaa na daanavaa:
svayam eevaatmanaatmaanam veettha tvam purushoottama
bhuutabhaavana bhuutees`a deevadeeva jagatpatee
vaktum arhasi as`eesheen`a divyaa hi aatmavibhuutaya:
yaabhir vibhuutibhir lookaan imaams tvam vyaapya tisht`hasi
katham vidyaam aham yoogims tvaam sadaa parichimtayan
keeshu keeshu ca bhaaveeshu chimtyoo asi bhagavan mayaa
vistareen`aatmanoo yoogam vibhuutim ca janaardana
bhuuya: kathaya truptir hi s`run`vatoo naasti mee amrutam
Arjuna said: You are the Supeme Spirit. You are the Supreme resort. You are the most sacred. You are the eternal person. Divine. The First and Foremost God. Birthless. The Lord. (ATTRIB 12).
You, yourselves are telling me like this. The God-Sage Narada, Asita, Devala, Vyaasa all say the same. (ATTRIB 13).
Oh Keesava! I believe whatever you say to be true. Either the Gods or the demons are able to grasp your nature or birth. (ATTRIB 14).
Oh the Supreme Person! Creatures' Ideal! Lord of the Creatures! God of the Gods! Lord of the World! You alone, by yourself, grasp and understand your Supreme Spirit. (ATTRIB 15).
You alone can describe your attributes with which you have spread yourselves all over the Universe. (ATTRIB 16).
Oh God! How and using which skills, can I always contemplate on you and be in Union with you? Which and which ideas I can think upon you? (ATTRIB 17).
Oh Janardana! Pl. explain in depth the concept of 'Union of Soul' and your 'Attributes' again. This is because, in hearing your nectar like words, I am not getting satiated. (ATTRIB 18).
VIBHUUTI 019s`riibhagavaan uvaacha
hamta tee kathaiishyaami divyaa hi aatmavibhuutaya:
praadhaanyata: kurus`reesht`ha naasti amtoo vistarasya mee
aham aatmaa gud`aakees`a sarvabhuutaas`ayasthita:
aham aadis` ca madhyam ca bhuutaanaam amta eeva ca
aadityaanaam aham vishn`ur jyootishaam ravir ams`umaan
mariichir marutaam asmi nakshatraan`aam aham s`as`ii
veedaanaam saamaveedoo asmi deevaanaam asmi vaasava:
indriyaan`aam manas` ca asmi bhuutaanaam asmi cheetanaa
rudraan`aam s`amkaras` ca asmi vittees`oo yaksharakshasaam
vasuunaam paavakas` ca asmi meeru: s`ikharin`aam aham
puroodhasaam ca mukhyam maam viddhi paartha bruhaspatim
seenaaniinaam aham skanda: sarasaam asmi saagara:
maharshiin`aam bhrugur aham giraam asmi eekam aksharam
yagnaanaam japayagnoo asmi sthaavaraan`aam himaalaya:
as`vattha: sarvavrukshaan`aam deevarshiin`aam ca naarada:
gandharvaan`aam chitraratha: siddhaanaam kapiloo muni:
uchchai:s`ravasam as`vaanaam viddhi maam amrutoodbhavam
airaavatam gajeendraan`aam naraan`aam ca naraadhipam
aayudhaanaam aham vajram dheenuunaam asmi kaamadhuk
prajanas` ca asmi kandarpa: sarpaan`aam asmi vaasuki:
anamtas` ca asmi naagaanaam varun`oo yaadasaam aham
pitqn`aam aryamaa ca asmi yama: samyamataam aham
prahlaadas` ca asmi daityaanaam kaala: kalayataam aham
mrugaan`aam ca mrugeendroo aham vainateeyas` ca pakshin`aam
pavana: pavataam asmi raama: s`astrabhrutaam aham
jhashaan`aam makaras` ca asmi srootasaam asmi jaahnavii
sargaan`aam aadir amtas` ca madhyam ca ivaaham arjuna
adhyaatmavidyaa vidyaanaam vaada: pravadataam aham
aksharaan`aam akaaroo asmi dvamdva: saamaasikasya ca
aham eevaakshaya: kaaloo dhaataaham vis`vatoomukha:
mrutyu: sarvaharas` ca aham udbhavas` ca bhavishyataam
kiirti: s`riir vaak ca naariin`aam smrutir meedhaa dhruti: kshamaa
bruhatsaama tathaa saamnaam gaayatrii chhandasaam aham
maasaanaam maargas`iirshoo aham rutuunaam kusumaakara:
dyuutam chhalayataam asmi teejas teejasvinaam aham
jayoo asmi vyavasaayoo asmi sattvam sattvavataam aham
vrushn`iinaam vaasudeevoo asmi
muniinaam api aham vyaasa:
kaviinaam us`anaa kavi:
usana: = s`ukra.(VENUS)
damd`oo damayataam asmi niitir asmi jigiishataam
maunam ca ivaasmi guhyaanaam gnaanam gnaanavataam aham
yach ca api sarvabhuutaanaam biijam tad aham arjuna
na tad asti vinaa yat syaan mayaa bhuutam ca raacharam
naamtoo asti mama divyaanaam vibhuutiinaam paramtapa
eesha tuuddees`ata: prooktoo vibhuuteer vistaroo mayaa
yad yad vibhuutimat sattvam s`riimad uurjitam eeva vaa
tat tad eevaavagachchha tvam mama teejooms`asambhavam
atha vaa bahunaiteena kim gnaateena tavaarjuna
visht`abhyaaham idam krutsnam eekaams`eena sthitoo jagat
Oh Sleep conquerer! I am the Living Soul which pervades all the hearts of the Creatures. I am the cause and reason for the Creation, Status and Survival, and Destruction of the Creatures. (ATTRIB 20).
Among the Sons of Aditi (Explanation: In one incarnation, Krishna was born as Son of Aditi wife of a sage called Kas`yapa. He had names: Aaditya, Vishnu, Vaamana). Among the luminous I am the Sun.Among the winds I am Mariichi (explanation: name of a wind). Among the stars, I am the Moon. (ATTRIB 21).
I am Saama Veeda (explanation : name of the third Veda which mainly deals with singing hymns and music) among Vedas. I am Imdra among the Gods. I am the mind among the senses. I am the consciousness and knowledge among all dynamic creatures. (ATTRIB 22).
I am S`hankara among Rudras. (explanation : In top hierarchy of Hindu Gods, the Trinity of Four-headed Brahma, Vishn`u and S`hiva-S`hankara have a prominent place. The incarnations of Siva-Sankara are also called Rudras. Krishna choses himself to be Siva among the trinity, and the Rudras ). Among the Yakshas and (a sect of Gods) and demons I am the Lord of Wealth (also named Kubeera). Among the Vasu (another sect of Gods) I am the Fire. Among the Mounts of Mountains, I am the Meeru. (ATTRIB 23).
Know that I am Brihaspati the Chief among the Priests. Among the Commanders of Army, I am Skandha (Other names: Murugan, Kumaara Swaamy, Shanmukha). Among the lakes I am the Ocean. (ATTRIB 24).
Among the Great Sages I am Bhrugu. Among the sacred words I am the one lettered "Oum'. Among the sacrifices, I am the Meditation. (explanation: Meditation is also a sacrifice.
Comment: Original Vedic ritutals consisted of Sacrifices using materials such as fire, wood, prey etc. The sacrifices after shedding violence and killing of animals evolved to be mental, like meditation).. Among the static creatures, I am the Himalayas. (ATTRIB 25).
Among all treees, I am the Fig Tree. Among the God-Sages, I am Narada. Among Gamdharvas (a clan of Gods) I am Citraratha (king of Gandharvas). Among accomplished sages, I am the sage Kapila. (ATTRIB 26).
Know that, among the horses, I am Uccais`ravam born from Immortalising Nectar. (horse in heaven which has a divine birth and impeccably white in color. ). Among the elephants, I am Iraavatam. (elephant in heaven). Among humans, I am the King. (ATTRIB 27).
Among the weapons, I am Vajram (Weapon of Indra, the Lord of Heaven (Lower). Among the cows, I am Kaama Dheenu (heavenly cow which fulfills all desires). Among the generators, I am the Kamdarpa (the God of Love). Among the serpents, I am Vasuki (their king). (ATTRIB 28).
Among Naagas ( a tribe of snakes), I am Ananta (their King). Among aquatics I am Varuna (their King and the God of Waters). Among the Ancestors I am Aryama (their King). Among the Judges and Disciplinarians, I am Yama (God of Death who judges and punishes the dead). (ATTRIB 29).
Among the demons, I am Prahlaada (their king). Among those which seize the creatures, I am the Fate. (DEstiny of Creatures). Among animals, I am the Lion. Among the birds, I am Vainateeya (their King. It is a Kite. Vehicle of Vishn`u.) (ATTRIB 30).
Among those which blow fast and purify, I am the Pavata. (Wind is blowing and fast. Fire is regarded as Purifier). Among the weapon-wielders, I am Paras`u Raama (another co-incarnation of Krishna. Paras`u Rama wielded an axe and killed all Kshatriya kings). Among the fishes, I am the crocodile. Among those which flow, I am the River Ganges.
(Comment: Great rivers like Amazon, Mississipi, Ho Yong Ho, Yang Tsikiyang, the Nile, Volga were not known).(POA 31).
Arjuna! Among the created attributes like the Sky, I am the force which creates, supports and annihilates. Among the arts, I am the Art of Spirituality. Among the arguments and evaluations, I am the philosophical determination. (ATTRIB 32).
Among the alphabetical letters, I am the letter "A'. Among phrases I am 'Dvamdva'. (In a Dvamdva phrase pairs of words, similar or opposite, are used. eg. pleasure and pain). Among the indestructible things, I am the 'Time (and Fate?) '. I am the Cosmic (Universal-Faceted) Super Creator. (ATTRIB 33).
I am the all destroying Death. I am the Prosperity of the Prosperous. I am the Fame among Wealths. I am the Voice. I am the Memory. I am the Courage and Endurance. (ATTRIB 34).
Among the Vedic hymns, I am Brihat Saama (their king). Among the meters for verses, I am the Gayatri (a 24 syllable meter). Among the months, I am Marga S`iirsha (the month in which, on the Full Moon Day, the Moon will be in conjunction with the star Betelguese--period of December approx. Among the Seasons (bi monthly), I am the Spring (Basant).. (ATTRIB 35).
Among the cheats, I am the sport of gambling. Among the vibrant, I am the light. Among those who succeed, I am the Success. Among the energetic, I am the Energy. (ATTRIB 36).
Among those belonging to Vrusht`i clan, I am Vaasu Deeva (Son of Vasudeva, Krishna is). Among the Sons of Paamd`u, I am Dhanamjaya (Another name Arjuna). Among the ascetics, I am Vyaasa. Among the poets, I am the Venus. (ATTRIB 37).
Among those who punish, I am the Punishing Code and Strength. Among those who want to conquer, I am the Code. Among the Secretives, I am the Silence. Among the Scholars, I am the Knowledge. (ATTRIB 38).
I am the root cause and seed of all the creatures. Without me, there is no creature static or moving. (ATTRIB 39).
Oh Schorcher of Enemies! My attributes are infinite. Yet, I depicted to you briefly some of them. (ATTRIB 40).
Know that everything which is endowed with wealth, success, leading, strong, influencing, dominating is derived from my natural brilliance. (ATTRIB 41).
Arjuna! Even if you know more of my attributes, what will you gain? It will be sufficie if you know that this entire Universe is pervaded with the sole attribute of mine. (ATTRIB 42).