11. VIS`VA RUUPA SAMDARSANA YOOGA
VISVA RUUPA 001
madanugrahaaya paramam guhyam adhyaatmasamgnitam
yat tvayooktam vachas teena moohoo ayam vigatoo mama
Arjuna said: To bless and grace me you have taught me the most secret and spiritual subject to me. With this, all my temptation is gone. (COSMIC VISION 1).
VISVA RUUPA 02
bhavaapyayau hi bhuutaanaam s`rutau vistaras`oo mayaa
tvatta: kamalapatraaksha maahaatmyam api ca avyayam
VISVA RUUPA 003
eevam eetad yathaattha tvam aatmaanam paramees`vara
drasht`um ichchhaami tee ruupam ais`varam purushoottama
VISVA RUUPA 004
manyasee yadi tach chhakyam mayaa drasht`um iti prabhoo
yoogees`vara tatoo mee tvam dars`ayaatmaanam avyayam
Krishna! I heard from you extensively about the creation and merger of the living beings. I also heard the indestructible and infinite greatness of you. (COSMIC VISION 2).
Oh the Supreme Lord! Whatever you said about yourselves is true. I desire to see your cosmic divine form. (COSMIC VISION 3).
Oh Lord! Oh the Supreme of the Sages! If you consider that I can bear to see it, please show me your infinte form. (COSMIC VISION 4).
VISVA RUUPA 005
pas`ya mee paartha ruupaan`i s`atas`oo atha sahasras`a:
naanaavidhaani divyaani naanaavarn`aakrutiini ca
The Lord said!
Arjuna! See all my divine forms in varying shapes, colors and different types. (COSMIC VISION 5).
VISVA RUUPA 006
pas`yaadityaan vasuun rudraan as`vinau marutas tathaa
bahuuni adrusht`apuurvaan`i pas`yaas`charyaan`i bhaarata
Oh Bhaarata! See the Suns, Vasus (Gods similar to Sun, Wind, Fire), Rudras (incarnations of S`iva), As`vins (smaller Gods often linked to medicine), Marut (Smaller Gods linked to winds and rain), and many other Gods hitherto not seen you, all of them, see now. (COSMIC VISION 6).
VISVA RUUPA 007
ihaikastham jagat krutsnam pas`yaadya sacharaacharam
mama deehee gud`aakees`a yach ca anyad drasht`um ichchhasi
VISVA RUUPA 008
na tu maam s`akyasee drasht`um aneenaiva svachakshushaa
divyam dadaami tee cakshu: pas`ya mee yoogam ais`varam
With these your own eyes, you will not be able to see me. I shall give you divine eyes and vision. See my divine form. (COSMIC VISION 8).
Oh the Conquerer of Sleep! See in my body the entire Universe consisting both of static and dynamic objects. Whatever you wished to see, see now. (COSMIC VISION 7).
VISVA RUUPA 009
eevam uktvaa tatoo raajan mahaayoogees`varoo hari:
dars`ayaam aasa paarthaaya paramam ruupam ais`varam
VISVA RUUPA 10
VISVA RUUPA 011
sarvaas`charyamayam deevam anamtam vis`vatoomukham
VISVA RUUPA 012
divi suuryasahasrasya bhaveed yugapad utthitaa
yadi bhaa: sadrus`ii saa syaad bhaasas tasya mahaatmana:
VISVA RUUPA 013
tatraikastham jagat krutsnam pravibhaktam aneekadhaa
apas`yad deevadeevasya s`ariiree paamd`avas tadaa
VISVA RUUPA 014
tata: sa vismayaavisht`oo
pran`amya s`irasaa deevam
(Now, Sanjaya says to Dhrutaraashtra):
Having said thus, the King of the Ascetics Hari (another name for Krishna, Vishn`u) showed Arjuna his
divine and Supreme form. (COSMIC VISION 9).
Several mouths. Eyes. Showing many Great things. The form is adorned with several divine ornaments. The form had different types of divine weapons. (COSMIC VISION 10).
Showed the Cosmic form, wearing divine garlands, body applied with divine sandalwood and other pates, wonderful in all respects, infinite and the face of the Universe. (COSMIC VISION 11).
The light which emerges if a thousand Suns shine at the same time, may equal the brilliance of this Great Spirit. (COSMIC VISION 12).
Arjuna in the mega body of the Supreme Spirit, saw as one integrated Universe all the countries of the land. (COSMIC VISION 13).
Then with stiffened hair and wonder, bowed down before Krishna and said with folded hands: (COSMIC VISION 14)
VISVA RUUPA 015
VISVA RUUPA 015
pas`yaami deevaams tava deeva deehee; sarvaams tathaa bhuutavis`eeshasamghaan
brahmaan`am iis`am kamalaasanastham; rushiims` ca sarvaan uragaams` ca divyaan
VISVA RUUPA 016
aneekabaahuudaravaktraneetram; pas`yaami tvaa sarvatoo anamtaruupam
naamtam na madhyam na punas tavaadim; pas`yaami vis`vees`vara vis`varuupa
VISVA RUUPA 017
kiriit`inam gadinam ca krin`am ca ; teejooraas`im sarvatoo diiptimamtam
pas`yaami tvaam durniriikshyam samamtaad; diiptaanalaarkadyutim aprameeyam
VISVA RUUPA 018
tvam aksharam paramam veeditavyam; tvam asya vis`vasya param nidhaanam
tvam avyaya: s`aas`vatadharmagooptaa; sanaatanas tvam purushoo matoo mee
VISVA RUUPA 019
anaadimadhyaamtam anamtaviiryam; anamtabaahum s`as`isuuryaneetram
pas`yaami tvaam diiptahutaas`avaktram; svateejasaa vis`vam idam tapamtam
VISVA RUUPA 020
dyaavaapruthivyoor idam amtaram hi; vyaaptam tvayaikeena dis`as` ca sarvaa:
drusht`vaadbhutam ruupam idam tavoogram; lookatrayam pravyathitam mahaatman
VISVA RUUPA 021
amii hi tvaa surasamghaa vis`amti; kee chid bhiitaa: praamjalayoo grun`amti
svastiiti uktvaa maharshisiddhasamghaa:; stuvamti tvaam stutibhi: pushkalaabhi:
VISVA RUUPA 022
rudraadityaa vasavoo yee ca saadhyaa; vis`vee as`vinau marutas` chooshmapaas` ca
gandharvayakshaasurasiddhasamghaa; viikshamtee tvaa vismitaas` ca iva sarvee
VISVA RUUPA 023
ruupam mahat tee bahuvaktraneetram; mahaa baahoo bahubaahuurupaadam
bahuudaram bahudamsht`raakaraalam; drusht`vaa lookaa: pravyathitaas tathaaham
VISVA RUUPA 024
nabha:sprus`am diiptam aneekavarn`am; vyaattaananam diiptavis`aalaneetram
drusht`vaa hi tvaam pravyathitaamtaraatmaa; dhrutim na vindaami s`amam ca vishn`oo
VISVA RUUPA 025
damsht`raakaraalaani ca tee mukhaani; drusht`vaiva kaalaanalasamnibhaani
dis`oo na jaanee na labhee ca s`arma; prasiida deevees`a jagannivaasa
VISVA RUUPA 026
amii ca tvaam dhrutaraasht`rasya putraa:; sarvee sahaivaavanipaalasamghai:
bhiishmoo droon`a: suutaputras tathaasau; sahaasmadiiyair api yoodhamukhyai:
VISVA RUUPA 027
vaktraan`i tee tvaramaan`aa vis`amti; damsht`raakaraalaani bhayaanakaani
kee chid vilagnaa das`anaamtareeshu; samdrus`yamtee chuurn`itair uttamaamgai:
VISVA RUUPA 028
yathaa nadiinaam bahavoo ambuveegaa:; samudram eevaabhimukhaa dravamti
tathaa tavaamii naralookaviiraa; vis`amti vaktraan`i abhivijvalamti
VISVA RUUPA 29
yathaa pradiiptam jvalanam patamgaa; vis`amti naas`aaya samruddhaveegaa:
tathaiva naas`aaya vis`amti lookaas; tavaapi vaktraan`i samruddhaveegaa:
VISVA RUUPA 030
leelihyasee grasamaana: samamtaal; lookaan samagraan vadanair jvaladbhi:
teejoobhir aapuurya jagat samagram; bhaasas tavoograa: pratapamti vishn`oo
VISVA RUUPA 031
aakhyaahi mee koo bhavaan ugraruupoo; namoo astu tee deevavara prasiida
vignaatum ichchhaami bhavamtam aadyam; na hi prajaanaami tava pravruttim
"In your body I see Oh God! the different groups of different Creatures, the Creator Brahma sitting on the Seat of the Lotus, divine Sages and Serpents." (COSMIC VISION 15).
Oh God of the Universe! Oh the Cosmic formed! I see you with several hands, bellies, faces, eyes, omnipresent, wearer of infinite forms. I am unable to see your beginning, middle or the end. (COSMIC VISION 16).
The Crowned! Holding mace! Holding the discus! Mass of Luminosity! all pervading Light! I see you, the most difficult to see! Having a brilliance equal to the Sun and the Fire! The dimensionless! (COSMIC VISION 17).
You are the Supreme Spirit to be learnt! You are the Greatest Refuge for this Universe! You are infinite! You are the Protector of the Eternal Righteous Ethics. You are the Eternal Preson. This is my view. (COSMIC VISION 18).
You have no beginning, middle and the end. Your strength is infinite. You have infinite arms. The Sun and the Moon are your eyes. I see the glowing fire emerging from your open mouth. With your luminosity, you will scorch the whole Universe. (COSMIC VISION 19).
Oh Great Soul! The Earth, the Sky, the Space are all full of your Great Glow. Your glow spread in all directions. Haiving seen your wonderful form, fiercely intense, the three worlds (Earth, Heaven, Nether World) get into strife. (COSMIC VISION 20).
All the groups of the Gods are entering you. Some of them are praising your glory, bewildered with folded hands.. Great Sages and Saints are praising your glories and seeing only you. (COSMIC VISION 21).
Groups of people (list: Rudras, Aadityas, Vasus, Saadhyaas, Vis`vas, As`vins, Maruts, Ushmapas (ancestors), Gamdharvas, Yakshas, Suras, Siddha) are looking at you with awe. (COSMIC VISION 22).
Oh Great We are freightened to see your form with countless faces, eyes, hands, thighs, tusks, (COSMIC VISION 23).
Oh Vishn`u! I do not get peace (freightened) and courage when I see you touching the sky!; luminous; multichrome, open mouthed, burning broad eyes. Having seen it, my soul gets perturbed. (COSMIC VISION 24).
Your face is fierce with fongs, and looking like the disastrous fire. When I see it, I am unable to identify directions (East, West etc. i.e. bewildered). I am not able to stay happy or comfortable. Oh Lord of the Gods! Protect me! Oh Omnipresent!. (COSMIC VISION 25).
Along with all the sons of Dhrutaraasht`ra, all the groups of kings, Bhishma, Dron`a, Karn`a, all the prominent warriors of my side, are entering you. (COSMIC VISION 26).
They are all in a hurry to enter your mouth which has sharp fangs at the entry. Some are caught between the teeth are seen getting their heads reduced into fine flour. (
(Comment: How loathing and ugly this description is)!
(COSMIC VISION 28)
Just as insects enter into flaring fires with great speed, the people are also entering into your faces with immense pace. (COSMIC VISION 29).
While devouring the world with all your flaring faces, you are enjoying on all the four sides. Your terrible lights are scprcjomg tje Universe with their luminosities. (COSMIC VISION 30).
Pl. tell me who you are, bearing this terrible form. I bow down before thee. Oh God of Gods! Kindly be pacified and save me. The foremost creator of this world, I desire to know you. I am unable to understand your true nature and behaviour. (COSMIC VISION 31).
VISVA RUUPA 032
kaaloo asmi lookakshayakrut pravruddhoo; lookaan samaahartum iha pravrutta:
rutee api tvaa na bhavishyamti sarvee; yee avasthitaa: pratyaniikeeshu yoodhaa:
VISVA RUUPA 033
tasmaat tvam uttisht`ha yas`oo labhasva; jitvaa s`atruun bhumkshva raajyam samruddham
mayaivaitee nihataa: puurvam eeva; nimittamaatram bhava savyasaachin
VISVA RUUPA 034
droon`am ca bhiishmam ca jayadratham ca ; karn`am tathaanyaan api yoodhaviiraan
mayaa hataams tvam jahi maa vyathisht`haa; yudhyasva jeetaasi ran`ee sapatnaan
VISVA RUUPA 035
eetach chhrutvaa vachanam kees`avasya; krutaamjalir veepamaana: kiriit`ii
namaskrutvaa bhuuya eevaaha krushn`am; sagadgadam bhiitabhiita: pran`amya
The Lord said:
I am the Fate and Time which has flared up to annihilate this creation. I started destroying all these worlds this moment only.
(Comment: Why now! Krishna already killed 391 akshauhin`is of army approx. 80 million belonging to Jarasandha earlier This is only a small fry of 18 akshauhin`is not even 10% of what was already killed.)
(COSMIC VISION 32).
Oh Proficient Warrior of both hands! Hence, now pl. arise! By defeating foes, get fame! Enjoy vast kingdom. All your enemies have already been killed by me ahead of you. Become only an instrument! (COSMIC VISION 33).
Dron`a, Bhishma, Jayadratha, Karn`a, and all other warriors, already killed by me, now you kill. Do not get daghast. You will conquer your enemies in the battle. Hence fight! (COSMIC VISION 34).
Hearing all these words of Kees`ava (Krishna) Kirit`i (Arjuna) bowed before with folded hands and shivering body Utterly freightened, he kneeled before Krishna again and said with gyrating voice: (COSMIC VISION 35).
VISVA RUUPA 036
sthaanee hrushiikees`a tava prakiirtyaa; jagat prahrushyati anurajyatee ca
rakshaamsi bhiitaani dis`oo dravamti; sarvee namasyamti ca siddhasamghaa:
VISVA RUUPA 037
kasmaach ca tee na nameeran mahaatman; gariiyasee brahman`oo api aadikartree
anamta deevees`a jagannivaasa; tvam aksharam sad asat tatparam yat
VISVA RUUPA 038
tvam aadideeva: purusha: puraan`as; tvam asya vis`vasya param nidhaanam
veettaasi veedyam ca param ca dhaama; tvayaa tatam vis`vam anamtaruupa
VISVA RUUPA 039
vaayur yamoo agnir varun`a: s`as`aamka:; prajaapatis tvam prapitaamahas` ca
namoo namas tee astu sahasrakrutva:; punas` ca bhuuyoo api namoo namas tee
VISVA RUUPA 040
nama: purastaad atha prusht`hatas tee; namoo astu tee sarvata eeva sarva
anamtaviiryaamitavikramas tvam; sarvam samaapnooshi tatoo asi sarva:
VISVA RUUPA 041
sakheeti matvaa prasabham yad uktam; hee krushn`a hee yaadava hee sakheeti
ajaanataa mahimaanam taveedam; mayaa pramaadaat pran`ayeena vaapi
VISVA RUUPA 042
yach ca avahaasaartham asatkrutoo asi; vihaaras`aiyaasanabhoojaneeshu
eekoo atha vaapi achyuta tatsamaksham; tat kshaamayee tvaam aham aprameeyam
VISVA RUUPA 043
pitaasi lookasya ca raacharasya; tvam asya puujyas` ca gurur gariiyaan
na tvatsamoo asti abhyadhika: kutoo anyoo; lookatrayee api apratimaprabhaava
VISVA RUUPA 044
tasmaat pran`amya pran`idhaaya kaayam; prasaadayee tvaam aham iis`am iid`yam
piteeva putrasya sakheeva sakhyu:; priya: priyaayaarhasi deeva sood`hum
VISVA RUUPA 045
adrusht`apuurvam hrushitoo asmi drusht`vaa; bhayeena ca pravyathitam manoo mee
tad eeva mee dars`aya deeva ruupam; prasiida deevees`a jagannivaasa
VISVA RUUPA 046
kiriit`inam gadinam ca krahastam; ichchhaami tvaam drasht`um aham tathaiva
teenaiva ruupeen`a ca turbhujeena; sahasrabaahoo bhava vis`vamuurtee
Arjuna said. Oh Hrishii kees`aa! (Oh Krishna), By singing your glories, the world is getting immense pleasure. It is getting delighted. Demons are running and scattering in the four directions. The groups of sages are saluting you. All this is apt and befitting (COSMIC VISION 36).
Oh Great Soul! Oh Infinite! Oh Omnipresent! You are superior to the Creator (four headed God Brahma). You are the foremost cause for this Universe. You are the Supreme Spirit which is beyond both what is good and what is bad. Yet, why they do not salute you? (COSMIC VISION 37).
You are the First and Foremost God. You are the first and the ancient person. You are the chief refuge for the Universe at the time of disaster for merger. You are the thing to be known. You are the person knowing. You are the subject and the object. Oh dimensionless! This entire Universe is filled with you. (COSMIC VISION 38).
(Arjuna again and again kneels before Krishna).
The Wind! The Fire! The God of Rains! The Moon! The Lord of the People! You are the father of the Creator Brahma (Four headed Brahma). Hence, thousand salutes to you! Salutes again and again! (COSMIC VISION 39).
Oh Omni form! Salutes to you from from, behind and all sides. You are a person of infinite strength and valor. You are all pervading in the Universe. Hence you are Everything. (COSMIC VISION 40).
Unable to comprehend your cosmic form, I mistook you only to be an ordinary friend and hence called you "Oh Krishna! Oh Yaadava! Oh Friend!" in familiar equalised tone, though with love or accidentally. (COSMIC VISION 41).
I appeal to your forbearance and forgiveness. Oh Invincible! For fun or while playing picnicing, sleeping, sitting, eating, when alone or in the presence of relatives, I might have behaved with discourtesy towards you. You are the infinite spirit. (COSMIC VISION 42).
Oh person of Great Influene! You are the father of this Universe both static and dynamic. You are the worshipable. You are the Supreme Teacher. In the three worlds (earth, heaven, nether world), there is nobody who equals you. Then where is the question of superiors to you? (COSMIC VISION 43).
Hence, I kneel before you and pray for your grace. Just as a father forgives his son's faults, a friend forgives his pal's errors, a lover forgiives his beloved's lapses, please forgive my offenses. You are capable. (COSMIC VISION 44).
Oh Lord of Gods! Oh Omnipresent! Having seen the hitherto never seen cosmic form of yours, I am greatly delighted. Yet the same time, I am deeply perturbed with awe and fear. Kindly be pacified. Kindly revert to your old form and save me. (COSMIC VISION 45).
Just as in the past, I wish to see you with your crown, mace and discus. Oh thousand armed! Oh Manifestation of the Universe! Kindly take up your form of four arms.
(Comment: Thus, there are four forms 1. Two hands. 2. Four hands. 3. Thousand hands. 4. Infinite hands.)
VISVA RUUPA 047
mayaa prasanneena tavaarjuneedam; ruupam param dars`itam aatmayoogaat
teejoomayam vis`vam anamtam aadyam; yan mee tvad anyeena na drusht`apuurvam
VISVA RUUPA 048
na veedayagnaadhyayanair na daanair; na ca kriyaabhir na tapoobhir ugrai:
eevamruupa: s`akya aham nrulookee; drasht`um tvad anyeena kurupraviira
VISVA RUUPA 049
maa tee vyathaa maa ca vimuud`habhaavoo; drusht`vaa ruupam ghooram iidrum mameedam
vyapeetabhii: priitamanaa: punas tvam; tad eeva mee ruupam idam prapas`ya
VISVA RUUPA 050
iti arjunam vaasudeevas tathooktvaa; svakam ruupam dars`ayaam aasa bhuuya:
aas`vaasayaam aasa ca bhiitam eenam; bhuutvaa puna: saumyavapur mahaatmaa
Krishna said: Having been pleased and satisfied, I showed you this luminous, omnipresent, infinite, the very first and foremost, superior cosmic form of mine, by virute of Union of Soul of yours. This, I have not shown to anybody else in the past.
(Comment: Krishna showed this cosmic form earlier to Bhishma and Dhrutaraash`ra in Kaurava Court, at the time of delivering message as emissary for Paamd`avas. Krishn`a might have forgotten.)
(COSMIC VISION 47).
Oh, the Great among the Kurus! In this human world it is not possible for anybody to see this cosmic form of mine in spite of studying Vedas, performing sacrifices, bestowing charities, maintaining and worshipping sacred fires, performing most intense penance. You alone were able to see.
(Comment: Bhishma and Drona saw it earlier)
(COSMIC VISION 48).
On seeing this terrible form of mine, do not get frightened. Do not get mentally perturbed. Having restored yourself to your poise, please again see my four armed form. (COSMIC VISION 49).
(Samjaya's continues his narration to Dhrutaraash`tra).
Having said thus,the Great Soul Vaasudeeva (Krishna) showed his four armed form. Thereafter, he reverted back to his two hands form and consoled the bewildered Arjuna. (COSMIC VISION 50).
VISVA RUUPA 051
drusht`veedam maanusham ruupam tava saumyam janaardana
idaaniim asmi samvrutta: sacheetaa: prakrutim gata:
Arjuna said to Krishna:
Oh Savier of People! Having now seen your pleasingly mild human form, I am now restored to normalsy. I have become active and energised again. (COSMIC VISION 51).
VISVA RUUPA 052
sudurdars`am idam ruupam drusht`avaan asi yan mama
deevaa api asya ruupasya nityam dars`anakaamkshin`a:
The Lord said:
The form I showed you is the most difficult to get. Even the Gods long to see this form everyday.
(/Comment: Did Krishna show the cosmic form to Gods! )
(COSMIC VISION 52).
VISVA RUUPA 053
naaham veedair na tapasaa na daaneena na cheejyayaa
s`akya eevamvidhoo drasht`um drusht`avaan asi maam yathaa
The form which you have seen, cannot be obtained by studying Vedas, Penance, Charity, Sacrifices. (COSMIC VISION 53).
VISVA RUUPA 054
bhaktyaa tv ananyayaa s`akya aham eevamvidhoo arjuna
gnaatum drasht`um ca tattveena praveesht`um ca paramtapa
Oh Schorcher of Foes! This type I am, can be seen, approached for taking refuge, understanding only though devotion and by nothing else. (COSMIC VISION 54).
VISVA RUUPA 055
matkarmakrun matparamoo madbhakta: samgavarjita:
nirvaira: sarvabhuuteeshu ya: sa maam eeti paamd`ava
Only he can attain me; who: serves me, believes that I alone is the savior, is devoted to me, relinquished his interest in his own kith and kin, does not despise all the Creatures. (COSMIC VISION 55).
"Before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me. I, even I, am the Lord; and beside me there is no savior (Is 43:10-11)"