13. KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA VIBHAAGA YOOGA
Kshetra = field i.e. body;
Kshetragna = Person who understands the field
Sri Bhagavaan uvaacha
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 001
idam s`ariiram kaumteeya
ksheetram iti abhidhiiyatee
eetad yoo veetti tam
praahu: ksheetragna iti tadvida:
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 02
ksheetragnam ca api maam viddhi
yat taj gnaanam matam mama
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 003
tat ksheetram yach ca yaadruk ca yadvikaari yatas` ca yat
sa ca yoo yatprabhaavas` ca tat samaaseena mee s`run`u
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 004
rushibhir bahudhaa giitam chhandoobhir vividhai: pruthak
brahmasuutrapadais` ca iva heetumadbhir vinis`chitai:
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 005
mahaabhuutaani ahamkaaroo buddhir avyaktam eeva ca
indriyaan`i das`aikam ca pamcha cheendriyagoocharaa:
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 006
ichchhaa dveesha: sukham du:kham samghaatas` cheetanaa dhruti:
eetat ksheetram samaaseena savikaaram udaahrutam
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 007
amaanitvam adambhitvam ahimsaa kshaamtir aarjavam
aachaaryoopaasanam s`aucham sthairyam aatmavinigraha:
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 008
indriyaartheeshu vairaagyam anahamkaara eeva ca
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 009
asaktir anabhishvamga: putradaaragruhaadishu
nityam ca samachittatvam isht`aanisht`oopapattishu
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 10
maii ca ananyayoogeena bhaktir avyabhichaarin`ii
viviktadees`aseevitvam aratir janasamsadi
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 011
eetaj gnaanam iti prooktam agnaanam yad atoo anyathaa
Path of the Field and the Field-knower Delineation
Also called the Path of Nature and the Supreme Person Delineation
Arjuna said: I wish to know the nature and philosophy of all these: Nature and Super Person and the Field and the Field-Knower , Knower and to be Known. (FIELD KNOWER 1). (The first verse of Arjuna requesting, is not present in some versions.)
The Lord said:
This body is said to be the Field. Those who know the true nature of this body are called the Field Knowers, by the philosophers. (FIELD KNOWER 2).
Know that I am the Field-Knower of all Fields. The real knowledge is the awareness of the Field and the Field-Knower. (FIELD KNOWER 3).
Listen from me, briefly: 1. What the Field is; 2. What type is the Field? 3. What are its affectations? 4. Its origin and mode of origin. 5. the form and the specialities of the Field Knower. 6. How influential he is?
(FIELD KNOWER 4).
Sages praised the nature of the Field Knower in myriad ways. Different Vedas praised the FK severally. The Principles of the Supreme Spirit (Brahma Suutras) which are full of clearly defined principles and intelligence have praised the FKrishna (FIELD KNOWER 5).
This field (body) has briefly been described as being full of
1. Five great spirits of nature (Earth, Water, Fire, Wind, Sky)
2. Sense of I and My.
5. eleven organs (Voice, legs, hands, urinary aperture, anus, eyes, ears, nose, tongue, skin, mind).
3. five sensations: 1. sound 2. touch 3. taste 4. form 5. smell.
8. Hatred. 9. Comfort and happiness 10. Sorrow 11. body 12. knowledge 13. courage.
(FIELD KNOWER 6) FIELD KNOWER 7).
Lack of Conceit, Absence of flamboyance, non-violence, tolerance, simplicity, reverance to the preceptor, courage and composure, self control (FIELD KNOWER 8)
Disinclination for sensual pleasures, Absence of ego, Seeing the evils of birth, disease, oldage and death,
(FIELD KNOWER 9)
Absence of interest and experties in wife and children, equanimity towards joys and sorrows (FIELD KNOWER 10)
Dedicated unstinted devotion exclusively to me, visiting places in solitude, lack of interest to meet people (introvert), (FIELD KNOWER 11)
Always contemplating about spiritual awareness, studying the uses of philosophy, all this is called Knowledge. All else is Ignorance. (FIELD KNOWER 12).
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 012
gneeyam yat tat pravakshyaami yaj gnaatvaamrutam as`nutee
anaadimat param brahma na sat tan naasad uchyatee
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 013
sarvata:paan`ipaadam tat sarvatookshis`iroomukham
sarvata:s`rutimal lookee sarvam aavrutya tisht`hati
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 014
asaktam sarvabhruch ca iva nirgun`am gun`abhooktru ca
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 015
bahir amtas` ca bhuutaanaam acharam ca ram eeva ca
suukshmatvaat tad avigneeyam duurastham ca amtikee ca tat
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 016
avibhaktam ca bhuuteeshu vibhaktam iva ca sthitam
bhuutabhartru ca taj gneeyam grasishn`u prabhavishn`u ca
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 017
jyootishaam api taj jyootis tamasa: param uchyatee
gnaanam gneeyam gnaanagamyam hrudi sarvasya visht`hitam
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 018
iti ksheetram tathaa gnaanam gneeyam chooktam samaasata:
madbhakta eetad vignaaya madbhaavaayoopapadyatee
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 019
prakrutim purusham ca iva viddhi anaadii ubhaav api
vikaaraams` ca gun`aams` ca iva viddhi prakrutisambhavaan
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 020
kaaryakaaran`akartrutvee heetu: prakrutir uchyatee
purusha: sukhadu:khaanaam bhooktrutvee heetur uchyatee
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 021
purusha: prakrutisthoo hi bhumktee prakrutijaan gun`aan
kaaran`am gun`asamgoo asya sadasadyoonijanmasu
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 022
upadrasht`aanumamtaa ca bhartaa bhooktaa mahees`vara:
paramaatmeeti ca api uktoo deehee asmin purusha: para:
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 023
ya eevam veetti purusham prakrutim ca gun`ai: saha
sarvathaa vartamaanoo api na sa bhuuyoo abhijaayatee
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 024
dhyaaneenaatmani pas`yamti kee chid aatmaanam aatmanaa
anyee saamkhyeena yoogeena karmayoogeena ca aparee
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 025
anyee tv eevam ajaanamta: s`rutvaanyeebhya upaasatee
tee api ca atitaramti eeva mrutyum s`rutiparaayan`aa:
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 026
yaavat samjaayatee kim chit sattvam sthaavarajamgamam
ksheetraksheetragnasamyoogaat tad viddhi bharatarshabha
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 027
samam sarveeshu bhuuteeshu tisht`hamtam paramees`varam
vinas`yatsv avinas`yamtam ya: pas`yati sa pas`yati
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 028
samam pas`yan hi sarvatra samavasthitam iis`varam
na hinasti aatmanaatmaanam tatoo yaati paraam gatim
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 29
prakrutyaiva ca karmaan`i kriyamaan`aani sarvas`a:
ya: pas`yati tathaatmaanam akartaaram sa pas`yati
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 030
yadaa bhuutapruthagbhaavam eekastham anupas`yati
tata eeva ca vistaaram brahma sampadyatee tadaa
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 031
anaaditvaan nirgun`atvaat paramaatmaayam avyaya:
s`ariirasthoo api kaumteeya na karooti na lipyatee
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 032
yathaa sarvagatam saukshmyaad aakaas`am noopalipyatee
sarvatraavasthitoo deehee tathaatmaa noopalipyatee
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 033
yathaa prakaas`ayati eeka: krutsnam lookam imam ravi:
ksheetram ksheetrii tathaa krutsnam prakaas`ayati bhaarata
KSHEETRA KSHEETRAGNA 034
ksheetra ksheetragnayoor eevam amtaram gnaana chakshushaa
bhuuta prakruti mooksham ca yee vidur yaamti tee param
Now, I shall tell that which is to be known, knowing which a person becomes immortal. That thing is the the concept of Supreme Spirit which is sheltered in me. It is said to be beyond Action and Reason. (FIELD KNOWER 13).
The Supreme Spirit is all pervading. It has its hands, legs, eyes, head, mouth, ears all over the Universe. (FIELD KNOWER 14).
That To-be-known-thing enables and brighten all the senses and attributes. But, it itself has no natural sense organs or interests. It governs all the senses, devoid of natural characteristics. Yet it is the consumer of formless attributes. (FIELD KNOWER 15).
It is within and outside the Creatures. It is both static and dynamic. As it is very subtle, beyond comprehension. It is remote and proximate at the same time. (FIELD KNOWER 16).
It is indivisible; but appears as though distributed among the Creatures. It is the governor of the Creatures. Know that it is both annihilating and (re-)creating. (FIELD KNOWER 17).
That philosophical spirit is the 'lighter' for all the lights. It is beyond ignorance. It is the Knowledge, to be known, and the objective of knowing. It is established among the hearts of all. (FIELD KNOWER 18).
Thus, I have explained briefly the Field, Field Knower, and the Thing-to-be-Known. If my devotee knows all these, he will be entitled to be in Union with Me. (FIELD KNOWER 19).
Know that both the Nature and the Super Person are the most Ancient. Know that both qualities and perversions are born from the Nature. (FIELD KNOWER 20).
It is said that Nature is the "Cause" in the Cause and Effect principle. It is said that the Living Soul is the Cause in case of enjoyment of pleasures and suffering of hardships. (FIELD KNOWER 21).
Though the Living Soul is coexisting with the Nature, he bears and consumes joys and sorrows which are born from the Nature. The companionship of the Living Soul with the Nature is the cause for the Soul's getting a good or a bad womb. (
good birth: such as human; bad birth: such as insect or worm Good birth: King. Bad birth: Wretched person.)
(FIELD KNOWER 22).
(Comment: Nature can be compared to Eve. Living Soul can be compared to Adam.)
Within the body, there is the Supreme Person (also called Supreme Spirit, Supreme God) who is witnessing everything. He is different from the Living Soul. He is called the Bearer, Consumer, the Supreme God, Supreme Soul or Supreme Spirit. (FIELD KNOWER 23).
Thus a person who knows the Nature and the Living Soul , Supreme Spirit along with their qualities, living in any current enviroment, will not be reborn. (FIELD KNOWER 24).
Through meditation, seekers can see the Supreme Spirit, by using the Living Soul. Others may use the Path of Spirit. Some others use the Path of Action. (FIELD KNOWER 25).
Some others who do not about the Supreme Spirit (Me), out of ignorance listen to other preceptors and meditating as per their guidance. Ultimately, they will become skilled listeners of scriptures and get out of the cycle of the mundane births, deaths and rebirths. (FIELD KNOWER 26).
Oh the Best of the Bharat Clan! Know that all these Living Creatures consisting both of static and dynamic are born from the consummation of the Field and the Field Knower. (FIELD KNOWER 27).
A person who knows and understand the Indestructible Supreme God (though bodies are perishable) who is situate equanimously among all the Creatures, will become a true Visionary. (FIELD KNOWER 28).
A person who can see the Supreme God equanimously situated within all the Creatures, will not condemn himself using his mind. Through this, he will attain the Ultimate State. (=Union with the Supreme God). (FIELD KNOWER 29).
He will become a true visionary: who can realise that all the Actions are taking place by the very Nature and through this realisation sees himself as a Non-Doer. (FIELD KNOWER 30).
When a person realises that all the "separateness" feelings of the Creatures are a part of Nature and are diverging from the Nature, he will reach a State of the Supreme Spirit. (FIELD KNOWER 31).
Though the Supreme God is within the body, because of the SG's absoluteness, infinity, ancestral nature, the SG will neither be a Doer nor be a receiver of the results of the Actions which the body performs. (FIELD KNOWER 32).
Though the sky is present in the entire Universe, it does not merge itself with the Universe, owing to the sky's minuteness. In the same way, though the Supreme God is present in the body does not get merged with the body. (FIELD KNOWER 33).
Just as the Sun though alone, fills the whole world with light, the Supreme God lights up the body. (FIELD KNOWER 34).
In this way, those who can know the subtle distinction between the subtle distinction between the Field and the Field Knower, the deliverance of the Creatures from the Nature will attain the Ultimate State. (FIELD KNOWER 35).